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UAW President Shawn Fain addresses union members during a Solidarity Sunday rally in Warren, Michigan, Aug. 20, 2023

Michael Wayland / CNBC

DETROIT — The United Auto Workers and Detroit automakers remain far apart ahead of the union “likely” strategically striking the companies after an 11:59 p.m. ET Thursday deadline, UAW President Shawn Fain said Wednesday night.

The outspoken union leader laid out significant details of current proposals between the UAW and General Motors, Ford Motor and Stellantis regarding wage increases, cost-of-living adjustments, bonuses and job security.

Fain also laid out general plans about how the union expects to strategically strike the Detroit automakers, if necessary. He said the strike will start at a limited number of locations, followed by others, if required.

“If the companies continue to bargain in bad faith … then our strikes are going to continue to grow … We’re going to hit where we need to hit,” Fain said Wednesday during a Facebook Live event.

Fain also said “an all-out strike is still a possibility.” He added if there are strikes, the union will not negotiate Friday, instead they will hold a 4 p.m. rally in Detroit with U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders, the progressive lawmaker from Vermont.

Fain referred to the union’s plans as a “stand-up strike,” a nod to historic “sit-down” strikes by the UAW.

“I’ll tell you this, I’m at peace with a decision to strike if we have to because I know that we’re on the right side of this battle,” Fain said after discussing his faith in religion and the union. “It’s a battle of the working class against the rich; the haves versus the have-nots; the billionaire class against everybody else.”

Key demands from the union have included 40% hourly pay increases, a reduced 32-hour workweek, a shift back to traditional pensions, the elimination of compensation tiers and a restoration of cost-of-living adjustments, among other items.

Ford CEO Jim Farley, in a lengthy statement released by the company, criticized several of Fain’s statements, saying the automaker has not “received any genuine counteroffer” to the last proposal from the union.

He also said Fain missed a Tuesday meeting that he and Ford Chair Bill Ford believed the union chief would be attending. Farley defended the company’s recent proposals, saying “if there is a strike, it’s not because Ford didn’t make a great offer.”

Stellantis did not immediately respond for comment on Fain’s remarks.

GM issued a blanket statement that the company continues to bargain with the union and “have presented additional strong offers.”

“This includes historic guaranteed annual wage increases, investments in our U.S. manufacturing plants to provide opportunities for all, and shortening the time for in-progression employees to reach maximum wages,” GM said in an emailed statement.

Here’s where things stand on key issues, according to Fain.


Fain said Ford has offered a 20% increase over the four years of the deal, followed by GM at 18% and Stellantis at 17.5%.

Such increases would easily be record wins for the union in modern times, but Fain said they are not adequate because they pale in comparison to the roughly 40% pay increases commanded by the Detroit automaker CEOs.

“We are seeing movement from the companies, but they’re still not willing to agree on the kinds of raise that will make up for inflation on top of decades of falling wages, and their proposals don’t reflect the massive profits that we’ve generated [for them],” he said.


Ending tiers, or in-progression pay, where members are paid differently based on seniority, has been a top priority of the union for years.

Fain said each of the automakers has proposed cutting an eight-year grow-in period to top wages that are currently at more than $32 an hour to four years.


Fain has demanded a return to cost-of-living adjustments, or COLA, which increase wages to keep pace with inflation. 

Fain said all companies have made “deficient COLA” proposals that either include lump sum payments, limit the amounts, or only kick in at certain levels that the union finds inadequate.

Ford has proposed a return to a COLA formula used in the past, which Fain said would provide estimated wage protection of less than $1 over the term of the contract; proposals from GM and Stellantis would provide no protection, he said.



Job security

The UAW has proposed what it calls a “Working Families Protection Program,” under which employees at a shuttered factory would be paid by the automakers to do local community-service work. All three automakers rejected the proposal, Fain said. Stellantis went further, proposing a unilateral right to close and sell 18 facilities, including factories and parts depots, he said.

Work-life balance

The UAW has demanded more time off for workers, with more paid vacation and holidays and extended parental leave. All three of the automakers agreed to make Juneteenth an official holiday, Fain said, but only Ford went further, proposing two weeks of parental leave.


The UAW has demanded a “significant” increase to pay for retired workers. All three automakers rejected any increases, Fain said.

This is a developing story. Check back for updates.

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